zimbabwe people had not written language and the oral traditionals have not survived. but Zimbabwe peopel essentially speak three languages namely English, Shona and Ndebele. Shona (also known as chiShona) and Ndebele (also known as Sindebele) are the most common indigenous languages spoken in Zimbabwe. These are generally spread geographically with Shona spoken in the northern and central parts of the country.  The Shona speaking people moved in to the valley around 500 AD and began building major . parts of the ston walls in the 1100s. Zimbabwe is the Shona word meaning "hous of rock."
Shona in its variants is spoken by up to 10 million people in the Mashonaland region of Zimbabwe. Most city dwellers in citise in Zimbabwe speak Shona
Ndebele in the central and southern parts of the country. Ndebele language spoken in Zimbabwe is amazingly similar to ZULA language
 spoken in SOUTH  AFRICA. For this reason many Ndebele speaking Zimbabweans found it much easier to fit into South African society at the height of turmoil as Zimbabwe economic refugees.
 English actively works as a bridge between non-Shona speakers and non-Ndebele
speakers. English is the language of business in Zimbabwe.National state news media is broadcast in English, Shona and Ndebele on a daily basis. The main language of instruction in Zimbabwe schools, colleges and Universities is English.
The emphasis of English in Zimbabwe is mostly a function of the history of
Zimbabwe under English colonization which ended at independence in 1980.